The Institute of law and justice in Arab societies

Research programmes

Understanding Judicial Review in the Arab region: Centripetal and Centrifugal Dynamics

Dr. Sara Razai, program director, Jurisdiction over cases in Western democracies is generally described as either concentrated into a unitary system of courts or fragmented into a plurality of different courts with their own separate hierarchical structures.1 In contrast with a unitary system of courts with a wide dispersal of jurisdictional powers, fragmented systems tend […]

Judges and the public

Sara Razai, Fellow researcher, In principle, judges are required to keep a distance from the community. For instance, under the fourth principle of the Sharjah Convention, Arab judges are instructed to maintain a balance between their judicial duties and their engagement in society.1 However, in practice judges are not insulated from society: they remain part […]

Legal aid and access to justice in Lebanon

Sara Razai, The Lebanese legal system recognises the equal access to justice and courts, including the provision of legal aid for those who otherwise lack the necessary means. While in principle, there is a legal right to access courts in Lebanon – a fundamental and unconditional right – a number of obstacles hinders this to […]

The Normativity of Transnational Private Norms : An Overview

Bamdad SHAMS, We live in a more globalized world in which the states lose their normative power for regulating transnational private relations1. The ultimate consequence of this is that the multinational corporations (MNCs) creating their own legal orders2, their own norms3 such as private standards and codes of conduct4 for their own behaviour (and their […]

Access to justice in Egypt

Mohamed. M. Youssef, Chief judge, member of the Technical Office, Court of Cassation “Supreme Court of Egypt”. Courtroom Judge, Court of 1st instance, Civil & Criminal divisions. (October 2007 – September 2011). Assistant Prosecutor, the Public Prosecution Bureau. (March 2001 – September 2007). Master of Laws in International and Comparative Law (LL.M), Indiana University, Robert […]